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BYLAWS

of

THE ASIA PACIFIC ASSOCIATION OF PAEDIATRIC ALLERGY,
RESPIROLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY
 
 
Article 1 General Rules
Section 1 (Name) The name of the Association shall be "THE ASIA PACIFIC ASSOCIATION OF PEDIATRIC ALLERGY, RESPIROLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY", hereinafter referred to as the "Association"
Section 2 (Objects) The objectives of this Association is to understand the characteristics of diseases of the pediatric allergy, respirology and immunology, and to cure and prevent their spread in the Asia Pacific region.
Section 3 (Activities) The Association shall conduct the following activities in accordance with the Association's objectives.
 
  (a) Activities to promote interchange among medical practitioners and professionals related to pediatric allergy, respirology and immunology in the Asia Pacific region.
     
  (b) Activities to host the appropriate meetings, operate website and publish materials for the exchanging clinical and research information.
     
  (c) Research Activities on pertinent diseases.
     
  (d) Educational and training programs among members.
Section 4 (Head Office) The head office shall be located at the President's residence.
Section 5 (Sections) The Association may organize research sections.
 
Article 2 Membership
Section 6 (Eligibility) Membership shall be the medical practitioners or medical professionals in the Asia-Pacific region who are pertinent to objectives of the Association. Members may participate in research projects and meetings hosted by the Associations, and gain access to information via website and published materials.
 
  (a) Individual Membership: any interested individual from Asia-Pacific countries or autonomous regions. This member has voting right.
     
  (b) Society Membership: any national associations or national groups of pediatric allergy or respirology or immunology
     
  (c) Corporate Membership: any interested companies or related industries.
     
  (d) Associate Membership: any interested paramedical staff.
     
  (e) Honorary Membership: any invited world-renowned clinicians or scientists in the fields of allergy or respirology or immunology.
Section 7 (Duty) Members of the Association shall abide by the following duties.
 
  (a) Members shall be required to pay membership and annual dues. Membership dues may be waived from time to time as determined by APAPARI Board defined below.
     
  (b) Members shall be required to state opinions by participating in meetings hosted by the Association or by logging onto the Association's website
     
  (c) Members shall not disgrace the Association or provide medical treatment against the objectives of the Association.
Section 8 (Officers) Officers should be pediatric practitioners with practice in the Asia Pacific region. Officers include the President, the President-Elect, and the Board members of the Board of Directors are recommended by the President among the Board Members, and require approval by the Council.
 
  (a) President: The President shall serve a three-year single term; The Council may amend the length of the term.
     
  (b) President-Elect: The President-Elect is recommended by the President based on recommendations from the Member of the Standing Committee, and requires approval by the Council. The length of the President-Elect's term shall conform to the length of the President's term.
     
  (c) Director: The Director is recommended by the President, and requires approval by the Council.
Section 9 (Loss of Membership) Membership shall be cancelled upon the occurrence of following events.
 
  (a) When a Member fails to pay membership due during the President's term
     
  (b) When a Member had been warned in two consecutive years for not logging onto the Association's website.
     
  (c) When a Member's certification by the national or local government or professional organization is cancelled.
     
  (d) When a member disgraces the Association or provides medical treatment against the objectives of the Association.
     
  (e) Membership dues may be waived from time to time as determined by the Board of Directors.
 
Article 3 Governance and Meetings
Section 10 (Organization) The Association shall comprise as follows, to conduct its activities.
 
  (a) President: The President shall represent the Association, and preside at all meetings pertinent to the operation of the Association.
     
  (b) President-Elect: The President-Elect shall do duty for the President in the absence or inability to serve.
     
  (c) Auditor: Two Auditors shall be appointed to audit the operation and finance of the Association.
     
  (d) Director: The Director shall be responsible for working-level operation of the Association, and a number of Directors including Director for Administration, Director for Finance, Director for Education & Training, Director for Public Relations, Director for Publishing and others may be appointed as required by the Association's operations.
     
  (e) Council Member: The Council shall consist of national representatives along with the Board of Directors; The number of Council country representatives may range from one to two per country or special region. Nations that have more than 50 members in their society may have a representative in the council. The Council exercises the final voting rights for the Association's operations. Changes in the Council composition have to be approved by the Council.
     
  (f) Standing members of the Council: Among the Council Members who primarily participated in the establishment of the Association shall be standing members. The numbers shall not be more than ten. Standing members provide general advices to the President on the Association's operations.
     
  (g) Junior Council members: These are young members from different countries recommended by the Council members or Board of Directors to participate in various organizational activities. These members will gain experience in order to take up the post of Council members and Board of Directors in the future. Approval of the Council is needed in order for individuals to become Junior Council members.
     
  (h) General Member: General members shall have the membership as documented in section 6. Members actively participate in the Association's activity and state opinions for the management of the Association at the General membership Meeting.
Section 11 (Meetings) The following Meetings shall be held to make decisions on the operations of the Association. The Meetings may be held via the Association's website.
 
  (a) The Board of Directors Meeting: The Board of Directors shall be comprised of Directors who are responsible for planning and working-level operations of the Association.
     
  (b) The Council: The Council shall approve the project or plans prepared by the Board of Directors. The Council is comprised of Council Members and Standing Members.
b-1) General Council Meeting : The General Council Meeting shall be held once a year.
b-2) Extraordinary Council Meeting : The Extraordinary Council Meeting may be called by the President, at the discretion of the President or by a petition of more than one-thirds of the Council Members.
b-3) Resolution : A resolution shall be passed by the consent of majority. For meeting via the website, announcement of voting of resolution shall be made twice in two-week intervals, one month prior to the voting of resolution; The resolution shall be passed by the consent of majority of the respondents on the website.
     
  (c) General Meeting: The General Meeting shall be held once during a President's term, and performs the following roles.
c-1) The President shall report all activities approved by the Council to the Members, and Members shall state opinions
c-2) Decision on Dissolution of the Association: The Decision on the dissolution of the Association may be made by a vote of two-thirds of the members present at a meeting or on the Association's website, provided that more than one-half of all members have participated. For the meeting, announcement of meeting shall be made twice in two-week intervals, one month prior to the meeting.
 
Article 4 Finance
Section 12 (Financial Resources) The Association shall utilize the following financial resources to conduct its operations.
 
  (a) General Account: The Association shall utilize the following financial resources for basic operations of the Association. The basic operations include regular meetings such as meetings of the Directors, Council Meeting, and General Meeting; Operation of the Association's website; and publishing and distribution of printed materials.
a-1) Membership Due: Membership and Annual Dues.
a-2) Revenue from Advertising: Advertising on the Association's website and printed materials.
a-3) Contributions: Financial and material contributions from pertinent organizations.
a-4) Operating Budget: Revenue from sales of printed materials and surplus from the Special Account.
     
  (b) Special Account: The Association shall utilize the following financial resources for special meetings including off-line Section Meetings, academic seminars, and education / training sessions other operations. Surplus shall be transferred to General Account upon completion of operations.
b-1) Registration Fee in Academic Seminars: Registration fee charged to participants when an academic seminar is hosted by the Association.
b-2) Revenue from Advertising: Advertising in the printed materials and fee paid for participation in exhibitions
b-3) Contributions: Financial and material contributions from pertinent organizations.
Section 13 (Administration) The Association's properties and assets shall be applied solely towards the promotion of the Association's objectives as set in forth in this Bylaw, and no part of the properties shall inure, directly or indirectly, to the benefit of any member of the Association. To this end, the following rules shall be observed.
 
  (a) The Location of Property and Assets: The Properties and Assets of the Association shall be deposited in a financial institution located within the boundary of the national or local government of the President's affiliation. International credit rating given to the financial institution shall be reviewed.
     
  (b) Investment: Increasing the Association's properties and assets shall be limited to interest payment from banks.
b-1) All investments including real estate is prohibited, with the exception of electronic and telecommunications equipment for the operation of the Association's website.
b-2) Use of trust or other investment institution is prohibited.
     
  (c) Accounting Book: A detailed Accounting Book recording all transactions shall be maintained.
c-1) The General Account and the Special Account shall be recorded and kept separately.
     
  (d) Audit: Financial audit for the fiscal year and financial audit for period from the end of the fiscal year to date of the Council Meeting shall be conducted separately.
d-1) Auditing report shall be submitted to the Association's Auditor by the last day of October each year.
d-2) Financial transactions that occurred up to 21 days prior to the regular Council Meeting shall be audited by the Association's Auditor.
     
  (e) In Event of Dissolution: In the event of the dissolution of the Association, any surplus property or assets as of the date of dissolution shall be transferred to an existing association with similar goals selected by the Council.
Section 14 (Fiscal Year) A Fiscal Year shall end at the end of October, to be completed with auditing and reporting to the General Meeting in the same month.
 
Article 5 Audit
Section 15 (Audit) The contents of the Audit on the operations and finance of the Association shall be reported to the annual Council Meeting according to the following criteria.
 
  (a) Audit on operations and finance ending in October once every three years.
     
  (b) Audit on operations from the date of the audit to the date of the Council Meeting.
 
Article 6 Dissolution
Section 16 (Dissolution) The dissolution of the Association may be proposed by the Council Meeting, and shall be determined in the General Meeting.
 
Article 7 Additional Rules
Section 17 (Convention) Items not defined in this Bylaw shall conform to bylaws of associations with similar goals, or resolutions made by the Council according to the general convention of international academic seminars.
Section 18 (Amendment) This Bylaw may be amended by the resolution of the Council.
Section 19 (Other Provisions) The Association may set forth other provisions for special operations, insofar as the provisions do not violate this Bylaw.
Section 20 (Effectuation of Articles) This Bylaw shall be effective upon the Council's approval.
 
 
Copyright 2004 by APAPARI. All right Reserved.