THE ASIA PACIFIC ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC ALLERGY, RESPIROLOGY AND
Article 1 - General Rules
Section 1 (Name) The name of the Association
shall be "THE ASIA PACIFIC ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC ALLERGY, RESPIROLOGY
AND IMMUNOLOGY", (APAPARI),
hereinafter referred to as the "Academy"
Section 2 (Objects) The objectives
of this Academy are to gain knowledge on and to better understand
the characteristics of diseases of pediatric allergy, respirology
and immunology, and to cure, control and prevent their spread in the
Asia Pacific region, using the most up to date or the best scientific
evidence based medicine of the time.
Section 3 (Activities) The Academy
shall conduct the following activities in accordance with the Academy's
Activities to promote interchange among
medical practitioners and professionals related to pediatric allergy,
respirology and immunology in the Asia Pacific region.
Activities to host appropriate meetings,
operate an APAPARI-website and publish materials to exchange clinical
and research information.
Research activities on pertinent diseases.
Educational and training programs in the
Asia Pacific region.
Section 4 (Head Office) The head office
shall be located at the President's country or region of residency.
Section 5 (Sections) The Academy will
organize research activities on pediatric allergy, respirology and
immunology in the Asia Pacific region. The Academy may also collaborate
with other related international bodies to organize meetings outside
of the Asia Pacific region.
Article 2 - Membership
Section 6 (Eligibility) Members shall
be individuals or societies of pediatricians or pediatricians in training
or pediatric allergists, pediatric pulmonologists, or pediatric immunologists
in the Asia-Pacific region who subscribe to the objectives of the
Academy, and who are involved in pediatric allergy, respirology and
immunology. Members may participate in research projects and meetings
hosted by the Academy, and gain access to information via the Academy's
website and published materials, and in all of Academy's activities
open to members. Members will go through an application and approval
procedure stipulated by the APAPARI Council to become a member.
Individual Membership: any interested individual
meeting the above criteria from Asia-Pacific countries or autonomous
regions. Under this category, individuals who are 40 years of age
and younger will be considered as Young APAPARI Members.
Society Membership: any registered or official
national society, institute or association in pediatric allergy, respirology
or immunology, or if none, national groups of pediatric allergy, respirology
or immunology. Application to the Academy will be considered and approved
by the Council.
Corporate Membership: any interested pharmaceutical
or medically related companies or related industries. Invitations
will be approved and extended by the Council.
Associate Membership: any interested paramedical
personnel like physiotherapist, occupational therapists or psychologist.
Application will be considered and approved by the Council
Honorary Membership: any world-renowned
clinicians or scientists in the fields of allergy, respirology or
immunology, or any individual who has good standing and has contributed
to APAPARI in an outstanding manner. Honorary members can only be
elected by the Council of the Academy.
The Council may decide to amend, add, or
delete any category of membership as deemed fit to the advancement
of the purposes of the Academy.
Section 7 (Responsibility) Members
of the Academy shall have the following responsibilities.
Members shall support the Academy and
participate in meetings organized or endorsed by the Academy or communicate
with the Academy via electronic means.
Members shall practice evidence-based medicine
and support the objects and activities of the Academy. Members must
not disgrace the Academy or provide medical treatment that are not
based on the best available evidence of the time.
Article 3 - Governance
Section 8 (The Council) The Council
is the highest governing body of the Academy. Its membership consists
of the Office Bearers, namely, the President, the President-Elect,
the Secretary, and the Treasurer and other members. Other members
of the Council are: Directors, and a maximum of two Country Representatives
of each Asian country or autonomous region, and the Immediate Past
President. These are the official members of the Council.
Section 9 (Office Bearers) The President
is the leader and external representative of the Academy and is responsible
for planning, daily running, and making major decisions of all matters
of the Academy. He/she will preside in all meetings of the Council
and major meetings of the Academy. He/she is elected at the yearly
Council meeting and serves a 2-year term, at the end of which he/she
is eligible for re-election for a further term only by the Council.
The President-elect is to succeed the President when his/her
term ends. He/she is to assist the President in his/her work and
stand on behalf of the President on his/her absence or inability
to serve. He/she is elected by the Council during its yearly meeting
and will serve until he/she becomes President.
The Secretary is responsible for keeping records of meetings,
activities, research, correspondence, and statements of the Academy,
and will assist the President in any secretarial work in both physical
and electronic aspects. He/she is elected at the yearly Council
meeting and serves a term of 2 years, after which he/she is eligible
for re-election for a further term only by the Council.
The Treasurer is responsible for all financial matters and
should keep a proper financial record of the Academy's accounts
and assets. He is also responsible for making sure that all financial
transactions are ethical, legal and compatible to the law of the
country where it takes place. He/she is elected at the yearly Council
meeting and serves a term of 2 years, after which he/she is eligible
for re-election for a further 2 term only by the Council.
Section 10 (Other Council members)
Directors are responsible for the conduct of specific work assigned
by the Council. They are responsible for the development and execution
of the specific work, and they should report to the President on the
progress of their work. Directors are proposed by the President and
approved by the Council. They may serve a term that is stipulated
by the Council. Presently, there is a Director for each of the following
The President and the Council may decide to appoint
further Directors on other areas as they deem fit. The President and
the Council may also decide to abolish or amend the terms of the Directors
Working groups may be set up also by the President and Council
to promote work in special areas as necessary. A Co-Ordinator
will be appointed and he/she will report to the President and Council
on their work.
Country Representatives represent each country or independent
jurisdiction to be part of the Council. If a national society, institute,
or association exists in Paediatric Allergy, Respirology or Immunology,
and is willing to become a Society Member, they will be invited
to appoint a maximum of 2 representatives to become members of the
Council. The terms of appointment will be determined by each country
or independent jurisdiction. If no official society exists in that
country, the Council may invite any Individual Member coming from
that country to become a Country representative. He/she will represent
that country until an official national society is established.
Each country will only have a maximum of 2 representative in the
Council at any one time, other than the Office Bearers. The Country
Representatives are responsible for liaison between the Academy
and the national society, and to promote and encourage the national
society's participation in the Academy.
Section 11 (Executive Board) The Office
Bearers, the Immediate Past President and the Directors will form
the Executive Board to manage the running of the Academy. The President
may propose other members to participate in the executive Board, with
the approval of the Council.
Section 12 (Advisory Board) The Past Presidents,
Founding members, Honorary members and any other individual the Council
may deem fit will constitute the Advisory Board. Members of Advisory
Board will be eligible to attend the yearly Council meetings but will
have no voting rights.
Article 4 - Meetings
Section 13 (General Meeting) The Council
will hold a General Meeting, physical or virtual (via internet/media),
at least once a year to stipulate affairs of the Academy. Only official
members of the Council and members of the Advisory Board are allowed
to attend the meeting. Other members may be invited by the President
to attend part or all of the meeting for business purposes. However,
only official members will have voting rights.
Country Representatives are expected to attend the yearly General
Meeting. If for any reason this is impossible, he/she should
send a representative to attend, and notify the Secretary beforehand.
The Agenda of the yearly General Meeting will consist at
least of the following:
Report from the Secretary on the Academy's
activities of the past year,
Report from the Treasurer on the finances
and accounts of the Academy in the past year,
Report from the Directors on activities
and developments in the past year,
Report from Country Representatives on
activities related to the Academy,
Report from Heads of Working Groups in
Planning of future meetings,
Election of Office Bearers, if any.
Notice of meeting should be given by the Secretary,
physical or electronic, at least 21 days before the General Meeting.
Section 14 (Other meetings) The President
or the Council may convene other general meetings to stipulate
matters whenever necessary, with due notice given to official members.
A special general meeting of the Council may be convened at the request
of no less than 20% of the current official members of the Council,
with due notice given to all official members.
The Office Bearers and Directors may convene business, scientific,
research or any meetings as needed to stipulate matters related
to their work in the Academy. Proper records should be kept, and
relevant decisions reported to the President and Council in due
Decision on Dissolution of the Academy: The Decision on the dissolution
of the Academy may be made by a vote of two-thirds of the members
present at a Business Meeting or on the Academy's website, provided
that more than one-half of all members have participated. For the
meeting, announcement of meeting shall be made twice in two-week
intervals, one month prior to the meeting.
Article 5 - Finance
Section 15 (Financial Resources) The
Academy shall utilize the following financial resources to conduct
General Account: The Academy shall utilize
the following financial resources for basic operations of the Academy.
The basic operations include 1) regular meetings such as meetings
of the Executive Board and General Meetings; 2) operation of the Academy's
website; 3) publishing and distribution of printed materials, and
4) coverage of speakers for the Academy's International Symposia and
Educational Workshops (airplane tickets).
Revenue from Advertising: Advertising on the
Academy's website and printed materials.
Contributions: Financial and material contributions
from pertinent organizations.
Operating Budget: Revenue from sales of printed
materials and surplus from the Special Account.
Special Account: The Academy shall utilize
the following financial resources for special meetings including off-line
Section Meetings, academic seminars, and education/training sessions
other operations. Surplus shall be transferred to General Account
upon completion of operations.
Registration Fee in Academic Seminars: Registration
fee charged to participants when an academic seminar is hosted
by the Academy.
Revenue from Advertising: Advertising in the
printed materials and fee paid for participation in exhibitions.
Contributions: Financial and material contributions
from pertinent organizations.
Section 16 (Administration) The Academy's properties
and assets shall be applied solely towards the promotion of the Academy's
objectives as set in forth in this Bylaw, and no part of the properties
shall inure, directly or indirectly, to the benefit of any member
of the Academy. To this end, the following rules shall be observed.
The Location of Property and Assets: The
Properties and Assets of the Academy shall be deposited in a financial
institution located within the boundary of the national or local government
of the President's affiliation. International credit rating given
to the financial institution shall be reviewed.
Investment: Increasing the Academy's properties
and assets shall be limited to interest payment from banks.
All investments including real estate is prohibited.
Use of trust or other investment institution
Accounting Book: A detailed Accounting
Book recording all transactions shall be maintained.
The General Account and the Special Account
shall be recorded and kept separately.
Audit: Financial audit for the fiscal
year and financial audit for period from the end of the fiscal year
to date of the Council Meeting shall be conducted separately.
Auditing report shall be submitted to the Academy's
Auditor by the last day of October each year.
Financial transactions that occurred up to 21
days prior to the regular Council Meeting shall be audited by
the Academy's Auditor.
In Event of Dissolution: In the event
of the dissolution of the Academy, any surplus property or assets
as of the date of dissolution shall be transferred to an existing
association with similar goals selected by the Council.
Section 17 (Fiscal Year) A Fiscal Year shall
end at the end of October, to be completed with auditing and reporting
to the General Meeting in the same month.
Article 6 - Audit
Section 18 (Audit) The contents of
the Audit on the operations and finance of the Academy shall be reported
to the annual Council Meeting according to the following criteria.
Audit on operations and finance ending in October once
every three years.
Audit on operations from the date of the audit to the
date of the Council Meeting.
Article 7 - Dissolution
Section 19 (Dissolution) The dissolution
of the Academy may be proposed by no less than 30% of the current
official members of the Council and passed by no less than a 2/3 majority
of the Council. e
Article 8 - Additional Rules
Section 20 (Convention) Items not
defined in this Bylaw shall conform to bylaws of associations with
similar goals, or resolutions made by the Council according to the
general convention of international academic seminars.
Section 21 (Amendment) This Bylaw
may be amended by a resolution of the Council.
Section 22 (Other Provisions) The
Academy may set forth other provisions for special operations, such
as Junior Members Group activities, insofar as the provisions do not
violate this Bylaw.
Section 23 (Effectuation of Articles)
This Bylaw shall be effective upon the Council's approval.